U.S. Offshore Wind Project Pipeline
Procurement Size: 100 – 150 MW in nameplate capacity
How: The Redwood Coast Energy Authority announced on April 2 that it had selected a consortium of five companies for a public-private partnership to develop a 100–150 megawatt (MW) floating wind farm 30km (20 miles) off the coast from Eureka, CA.
Estimated Year of Commissioning: To be determined
Procurement Size: 300 MW
How: Pursuant to Section 10 of An Act Concerning Connecticut’s Clean Energy Goals, and in response to Massachusett’s 2016 Energy Diversity Act, Connecticut is requiring its utilities to procure 825,000 MWh/Yr of offshore wind power via Power Purchase Agreements. The RFP was issued in January of 2018. In June of 2018, Deepwater Wind, which was later acquired by Ørsted, was selected to build 200 MW of offshore as part of their Revolution Wind project. Then in December of 2018, Ørsted was selected as a preferred bidder to build an additional 100 MW, to be built as one joint project totally 700 MW between the Connecticut and Rhode Island procurements. The 100 MW procurement was conducted under Public Act 17-3, An Act Concerning Zero Carbon Solicitation and Procurement, requiring the state to solicit bids for zero-carbon electricity-generating resources.
Estimated Year of Commissioning: 2023
Procurement Size: 2.5% of total retail electricity sales = 1,533,847 MWh/Yr (2015 EIA) which is approximately 375 MW
How: On April 9, 2013, Governor Martin O’Malley signed into law the Maryland Offshore Energy Act of 2013 (House Bill 226), which took effect on June 1, 2013. The act creates a “carve-out” for offshore wind energy in Maryland’s Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard, beginning in 2017 and extending beyond 2022, for up to 2.5% of total retail sales.
Estimated Year of Commissioning: 248 MW US Wind project expected to come online in 2020 and 120 MW Skipjack Wind Farm expected to be online in 2022.
Documents: Public Service Commission Order
Procurement Size: 1,600 MW of nameplate capacity
How: The 2016 Act to Promote Energy Diversity directed Massachusetts electricity distribution companies to procure 1,600 MW of offshore wind by 2027. The first RFP was issued in June of 2017, with first round of contracts executed in July of 2018. In May of 2018, it was announced that the 800 MW Vineyard Wind project had been selected. The next RFP was issued on March 29, 2019–sooner than expected–due to pressure to start building the next 800 MW before the Investment Tax Credit for large wind projects expires. Bids are due in August.
The 2018 Act to Advance Clean Energy authorizes but does not require state officials to procure an additional 1,600 megawatts by December 31, 2035.
Estimated Year of Commissioning: First OSW farm could be commissioned as early as 2021. All contracts for the 1,600 MW of OSW procurement must be entered into by 2027.
Procurement Size: 3,500 MW of nameplate capacity.
How: On February 1, 2018, New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy signed an executive order implementing the 2010 Offshore Wind Development Act. This document orders the Board of Public Utilities to issue a solicitation for 1,100 MW of OSW and set a goal of 3,500 MW by 2030. In May of 2018, the governor signed a renewable energy bill that codifies this goal into law.
Estimated Year of Commissioning: To be determined.
Procurement Size: 890 MW of nameplate capacity.
How: In 2015, the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) called for proposals for new sources of power serving the south fork of Long Island. Then in 2017 Governor Cuomo in his State of the State Address announced a commitment to support the development of up to 2.4 gigawatts (GW) of offshore wind energy. In his 2018 State of the State address, the Governor proposed the procurement of at least 800 megawatts (MW) of offshore wind generation over the next two years as the initial step towards achieving the 2.4 GW goal.
In a January 2019 State of the State address, New York Governor Cuomo proposed nearly quadrupling the state’s target for offshore wind deployment from 2.4 GW by 2030 to 9.0 GW by 2035.
Estimated Year of Commissioning: 90 MW South Fork Wind Farm off of Long Island to be commissioned in 2022. Commissioning date of remaining 800 MW yet to be determined.
Procurement Size: 20.7 MW in nameplate capacity
How: Staff of the Ohio Power Siting Board (OPSB) have given tentative approval to the Lake Erie Energy Development Co.’s (LEEDCo) Icebreaker project, but developers still need to take a range of mitigation measures and prove the turbines will not harm birds or bats before any final sign-off. Two years ago, LEEDCo was awarded $40 million by the U.S. Department of Energy for the Icebreaker project. Power purchase agreements have been secured for 63.6% of the output and LEEDCo is continuing to subscribe offtakers for the balance.
Estimated Year of Commissioning: 2020
Documents: Report by the OPSB
Procurement Size: 400 MW of nameplate capacity.
How: In February of 2018, Rhode Island Governor Gina Raimondo directed the Office of Energy Resources to work with the state’s utilities to issue an RFP for 400 MW of offshore wind. However, Rhode Island unexpectedly participated in the Massachusetts’ RFP process. A little-known clause in the the procurement rules allowed other states in the region to join, which Rhode Island acted on. The Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources and the Division of Public Utilities and Carriers worked with counterparts in Massachusetts to add Rhode Island-specific questions to the bidding requirements. In May of 2018 it was announced they had selected Deepwater Wind’s 400 MW Revoluation Wind project.
Estimated Year of Commissioning: 2023.
Procurement Size: 12 MW of nameplate capacity.
How: Virginia utility Dominion announced it is partering with Ørsted to build two offshore wind turbines as a practice case for a commercial-sized installation.
Estimated Year of Commissioning: 2020